* The Church
was not competent to define doctrinal truths with accuracy, because
recent discoveries were then unknown.
* The dogmas of
the Catholic Faith are not immutable but tentative efforts after truth,
to be reformed under the inspiration of modern science.
* The Church's
teaching should be limited to the articles or definitions of Catholic
* That it is permissible
to reject her other decisions; to set aside her censures; to criticize
her devotions; to belittle her authority; and especially that of the
Roman Congregations; to distrust her ability in dealing with intellectual
and scientific objections.
* To place her
character as nearly as possible on the level of that of a human institution—that
the constitution as weft as the teaching of the Church ought to be brought
into harmony with, what is styled, modern thought and the progress of
* That the government
of the Church should be largely shared by the laity, as a right.
* That men of science
and broad-minded culture should employ themselves in devising means
to bring this about.
* That the distinctions
of shepherd and sheep should be blended.
* That the Catholics
are free to read and discuss matter, however dangerous to faith and
morals, If they are inclined to do so.
* That they may
retain the name of Catholic and receive the sacraments, while disbelieving
one, or more of the truths of the Faith.
* And that they
are in these respects subjects of no ecclesiastical authority