Fr. Gnana Pragash Suresh
Part II of the article outlining the nature and the errors of Islam, now the world's largest religion as well as being Catholicism's most uncompromising enemy.
It never ceases to amaze us that many modern Muslims feel that they have the perfect right and freedom to criticize the Bible as being corrupt and contradictory but whenever anyone dares to criticize the Quran along the same lines, they label this as rude, offensive and blasphemous! What Muslims must understand is that if they have the freedom to criticize the Bible, then other people have the same freedom to criticize the Quran. After all, "What is sauce for the gander is sauce for the goose!" Any religion which refuses to allow people to examine its sacred book using the normal rules of research and logic evidently has something to hide.
Though there are many aspects of Islam that can be proved to be illogical and contradictory, we are going to take just one very important aspect, that is, the Quran. Since the Quran claims to be free of all error as proof of its inspiration in Sura 85:21,22, the presence of just one error in the Quran is enough to case serious doubt on that claim. Throughout his early ministry, Muhammad constantly appealed to the Old and New Testament Scriptures as the basis and standard by which his teachings should be judged. He would say that if you wanted to know whether he was speaking the truth, go to the people of the Book and ask them to look in their Scriptures to see whether or not what he was saying was true (Suras 2 to 13, 16 to 17, 20 to 21, 23, 25 to 26, 28 to 29, 32, 34 to 35, 39 to 48, etc.).
The Bible must be the standard which judges all new revelations including the Quran itself. This is simply a point of chronology. Muhammad came 600 years after Jesus Christ. The Quran thus comes after the completion of the New Testament. The Quran itself claims that it is a continuation of he Bible and it will not contradict it Sura 2:136). What this means logically is that whenever the Bible and the Quran have a conflict or contradiction, the Quran must give way, not the Bible. This is particularly true when the text of the Quran contradicts the text of the Bible. The Muslim position is that the same God (Allah) revealed the Bible and the Quran. Thus the Quran should never contradict the Bible, otherwise Allah would be contradicting himself. According to Muhammad there will be no conflict between the Bible and the Quran. Why? The Quran must agree with the older revelations because they all supposedly came from the same God.
On the one hand, if the Muslim rejects the Bible, he must also reject the Quran because it appeals to the Bible as God's word. On the other hand, if he accepts the Bible, he still must reject the Quran because it contradicts the Bible. Either way, the Quran loses. It must also be pointed out that the Muslims argue that the Quran must be perfect because would preserve his word infallibly. Yet if God failed to do this for the Bible, as they claim, why should he do this for the Quran?
With these few introductory words, we will now proceed to a critical examination of the Quran. Since the Quran has so many problems, we will limit ourselves to some of the most obvious ones.
1. How many Days of Creation?
The very first problem in the Quran concerns the number of days it took God to create the world. When you add up all the days mentioned in Sura 41:9,10,12, the Quran says that it took God eight days days to create the world.
But it took only six days according to the Bible. thus the Quran begins its contradiction of the Bible it will not contradict it (Sara 2:136). What this means in the very first chapter of the Bible Not only that.
The Quran contradicts itself in Suras 7:54 & 10:3 where it says that it took Allah six days to create the world. No-one can ignore this double contradiction of the Bible and of the Quran in the Quran itself.
2. Mistakes about Abraham.
The Quran makes many errors concerning Abraham.
i) The Quran says that Abraham's father's name was Azar (Sara 6:74), but the Bible says his name was Thare.
ii) He did not live and worship in the valley of Mecca (Sara 14:37) but in Hebron according to the Bible.
iii) 1t was his son Isaac that he went to sacrifice and not Ismael as the Quran says (Sara 37:100-112).
iv) He did not build the Kabah, even though the Quran says so in Sura 2:125-127.
v) He was not thrown into a fire by Nimrod as the Quran claims in Sums 21:68,69 and 9:69.
3. Mistakes about Moses
The Quran contains many errors concerning Moses.
i) It was not Pharaoh's wife who adopted Moses as the Quran claims in Sura 28:8,9. It was actually Pharaoh's daughter (Exodus 2:5).
ii) The Quran says that Haman lived in Egypt during the time of Moses and worked for Pharaoh building the tower of Babel (Suras 28:38; 29:39; 40:23,24,36,37). But Haman (Aman) actually lived in Persia and was in the service of King Assuerus. See the book of Esther for details. This is a very serious error as it not only contradicts the Bible but secular history as well.
iii) Crucifixion was not used in the time of Pharaoh although the Quran says so in Sura 7:124.
The Quran contradicts itself in many ways. Since the Quaran claims in Sura 39:23,28 to be free from all contradictions, just one contradiction is sufficient o show that it is not God�s word.
i) The Quran gives four conflicting accounts of Muhammad�s reception of the Quran:
- We are first told that Allah came to Muhammad in the form of a man and that Muhammad saw him (Suras 53:2-18; 81:19-24).
- Then we are told that it was the "Holy Spirit" who came to Muhammad (Suras 16: 102; 26:192-194).
- Later on, the Quran says that the angels were the ones who came down to Muhammad (Sara 15:68).
- The last and most popular version is that it was the angel Gabriel who delivered the Quran to Muhammad (Sara 2:97).
ii) In Suras 2:58 and 7:161 the same quotation is given with conflicting wording. This is one of many such examples of this problem. The presence of conflicting wording is important because the Muslims claim that the Quran is absolutely perfect even in its quotations.
iii) At first Muhammad told his followers to face Jerusalem in prayer. Then he told them since God was everywhere they could face any way they wanted. Then he changed his mind yet again and directed them to pray toward Mecca (Sara 2:115 versus 2:144). Many scholars believe that the changes in direction were dependant on whether he was trying to please the Jews or Pagans.
iv) The fact that Judaism and Christianity broke up into different stets was used in the Quran to prove that they were not of God (Sura 30:30-32; 42:13-16). Yet Islam itself has broken up into many warring sects and therefore cannot be true if the Quran is right.
5. Convenient Revelations.
The Quran contains convenient revelations for the personal gain or pleasure of Muhammad:
- When Muhammad wanted his adopted son's wife, he suddenly got a revelation from Allah declaring it is permissible to take another man's wife (Sara 33:36-39).
When he wanted more wives or wanted to stop his wives quarrelling, he got a quick revelation for it (Sara 33:28-34). Eventually Allah had to put an end to Muhammad's love for women (Sara 33:52).
When people bothered him at his house, he received convenient revelations setting up rules concerning when to visit him and when not to bother him (Sums 33:53-58; 29:62-63; 49:1-5).
6. Mistakes about the Holy Trinity.
The Quran contains many errors about what Christians believe and practice. One of the most significant is that the Quran misrepresents the Christian doctrine of the Trinity. Muhammad thought that Christians worshipped three gods: the Father, the Mother (Mary) and the Son (Jesus). (Sara 5:73-75; 116).
The Arabic text of the Quran condemns those who say that "Allah is the third of three," that is to say Allah is only one of three gods! But many Muslim scholars mistranslate Sura 5:73 to read: They do blaspheme who say: God is one of three in a Trinity. The words "in a Trinity" are not in the Arabic text!
If Muhammad was the prophet of the same God as that of Jesus why such a contradiction and confusion in the Word of God about the Holy Trinity revealed in the Bible by the same God?
Because of this error on the Holy Trinity the Quran also contains many errors concerning the nature, personality and mission of Jesus Christ. For the Muslims the concept that God begot a Son immediately implies a sexual act. This extreme reaction to Christ's eternal Sonship is both unnecessary and unfounded. The phrase "only begotten" does not refer to a physical generation but to a special divine relationship with the Father. It could also be translated as God's "one and only" Son. It does not imply creation by the Father but unique relationship to Him. Word like "generation" and
"procession" are used by Christians of Christ in filial and relational sense, not in a carnal and physical sense.
7. Mistakes about the Blessed Virgin Mary.
The Quran contains many errors concerning the Mother of the Saviour:
i) Her father's name was not Imram (Sure 66:12).
ii) She did not give birth to Jesus under a palm tree but in a stable (Sara 19:22 versus Luke 2:1-20).
iii) Muhammad confused the mother of Jesus with the Mary who was the sister of Moses and Aaron (Sara 19:27-28).
8. The lower status of women.
The Quran accords a lower status for women than for men. Men can marry many wives (polygamy) but women cannot marry many husbands (polyandry). The Quran explicitly affords men the right to divorce their wives but does not accord any right to women, claiming "Men have a degree of advantage over them" (Sara 2:228). Muslim women must wear a veil, stand behind their husbands, and kneel behind them in prayer. Finally, according to the Quran, men can even beat their wives (Sara 4:34).
9. Carnal Heaven.
The Quran promises a heaven full of wine and free sex (Sums 2:25; 4:57; 11:23; 47:15). If drunkenness and gross immorality is sinful on earth, how is it right in Paradise? The Quran�s picture of paradise is exactly what the seventh-century pagan Arabs and Persians had thought about it. The carnal concept of heaven of beautiful women and wine is in direct conflict with the spirituality and holiness of the biblical concept of heaven (Apocalypse 22:12-17).
10. No Originals.
Muslim scholars claim that the original manuscript of the Quran is still in existence. But we ask. "Where is it?" The Shorter Encyclopaedia of Islam comments: "One thing is certain and is openly recognized by tradition, namely, that there was not in existence any collection of revelations in a final form, because, as long as he (Mohammed) was alive, new revelations were being added to the earlier ones"
It is clear therefore, that the bones, stones, palm leaves, tree bark, etc., which contained some of the material which Muhammad spoke after his seizures were gathered together after his death. It is also a fact that none of these things are in existence today. They have all long since been lost or perished.
On each occasion that we challenged a Muslim apologist to tell us the place where the "original" manuscript of the Quran was stored, he stated that be did not know where it was but that he was sure it existed because it had to. Such an argument is worse than no argument at all!
In conclusion, therefore, we must say that every ritual and belief in Islam can be traced back to pre�Islamic pagan Arabian culture. Muhammad did not preach anything new. Everything he taught had been believed and practised in Arabia long before he was ever born. Even the idea of "only one God" was borrowed from the Jews and the Christians.
This irrefutable fact casts to the ground the Muslim claim that Islam was revealed from heaven. It is no surprise, therefore, that we have to conclude along with the Middle East scholars that Allah is not God, Muhammad was not his prophet, and the Quran is not the Word of God. "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God; and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God." (John 1:1-2)
The Quran. The
Presidency of Islamic Researchers, Saudi Arabia.